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The need for autonomy Autonomy Support

The desire for self-determination, volition, meaning, and freedom of choice (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Assor define the need for autonomy as the individual’s striving to realize and actively and exploratively form authentic and direction-giving values, goals, interests, and abilities, i.e., to construct his identity (Assor, 2012).

Autonomy support includes a variety of behaviours such as allowing choice, encouraging relevancy, providing a rationale, enabling expression of negative feelings, encouraging personal initiative, taking the students’ perspective, and employing students’ preferred teaching methods based on their interest (Reeve, 2006). 

Questions/Issues: 

Assor, A. (2012). Allowing Choice and Nurturing an Inner Compass: Educational Practices Supporting Students’ Need for Autonomy. S.L. Christenson et al. (eds.), Handbook of Research on Student Engagement, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-2018-7_20, Springer Science & Business Media, LLC. pp. 421-439.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behaviour. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268.

Reeve, J. (2006). Teachers as facilitators: What autonomy supportive teachers do and why their students benefit. The Elementary School Journal, 106(3), 225-236.